LESSON SCENARIO ON MUSIC LITERATURE
The hero in the work of Haydn and Mozart – what is he?
The visual row of picturesque pictures is shown.
Teacher: Tell me, please, to which musical style are these works of art in tune?
Teacher: What is characteristic of the classical style?
Pupils: Strictness, simplicity, lack of unnecessary details.
Teacher: What Viennese classics do you know?Pupils: Haydn, Mozart.
Teacher: in today’s lesson, you and I should summarize the material studied on the work of Haydn and Mozart and conclude: The hero in the work of Haydn and Mozart – what is he?
So, the work of Haydn and Mozart belongs to the classical style. And to what era should this style be attributed?
Disciples: Toward an Enlightenment.
Teacher: What is the ideal of the era?
Disciples: Faith in the power of the human mind.
Teacher: Now I will read the poem “Philosophy of Classicism” by the Russian poet George Shongely, and please tell me what, in your opinion, is the attitude of an 18th-century person to life?
So calm, so comfortable
The rooms are full there! Always successful
The buffet, bed, couch;
Always sparkles tea table, always
Elegant curtains and paintings,
And it seems like a close-knit family,
Transparent and joyful people
They live there …..
Disciples: A man enjoys life, he is happy.
Teacher: Indeed, you correctly felt the main idea of the poem. Philosophers of the 18th century Voltaire, Diderot, Russo first stated that man was born for freedom.
The hero of the 18th century is an optimist, a practitioner, i.e. a man of business, a true master of his fate. What is Mozart’s opera hero who became a symbol of the 18th century?
Teacher: Let’s do it, Cavatina Figaro “If the master wants to jump.” What musical means of expressiveness does the composer use to create the image of Figaro – smart, cunning, enterprising, able to achieve his goal?
Disciples: Figaro with irony imitates the gallant manners of his master – an aristocrat, in music we hear the “Minuet character”. In the middle part of this aria, Figaro, as it were, becomes himself, so a rude – cheerful character of sound appears.
Teacher: Now you will hear fragments from works already familiar to you. For these fragments, you will have to remember the author, the name of the work, its tonality, part, section?
1. Haydn. Sonata No. 7, D major. 1 part, exposition, ch. theme.
2. Mozart. Sonata No. 11, A Major. 1 part.
3. Haydn. Symphony No. 103 in E Flat Major. 1 part, introduction theme, exposition, chap. theme.
4. Mozart. Overture to the opera “The Wedding of Figaro”
Teacher: Now the task will be a little harder. You will hear fragments from works that we didn’t sound in our lessons, but they belong to well-known authors. Try to identify in style the author of this work and substantiate your point of view.
Haydn. Sonata in E minor, part III.
Disciples: This is Haydn, because the work sounds optimistic, the sound of the work is characterized by noble simplicity, cheerfulness, and dance.
Teacher: What facts from Haydn’s biography can you give to confirm optimism, ingenuity.
(Students give examples)
List the leading genres in Haydn’s work?
Pupils: Sonata, symphony, quartets.
Teacher: Did Haydn compose operas?
Teacher: Haydn composed over 20 operas, and staged 90 opera works by other composers. However, he did not compose a single opera – a masterpiece. What is the cause of failure? May be:
– Did not have a musical – dramatic gift;
– He was shackled by the whims of the prince, who wanted to have fun and entertain his guests with opera trinkets;
– He was a purely instrumental composer.
V. Mozart “Little Night Serenade” by Rondo.
Disciples: This is Mozart. His works are characterized by sophistication, grace, sophistication; Mozart is a brilliant melodist.
Teacher: How would you briefly characterize the figurative system of his works?
Teacher: List the leading genres in the work of Mozart.
Pupils: Opera, symphony, sonata.
Teacher: Now I will put you a fragment of the work, and you must answer: could Haydn or Mozart write such music?
Disciples: None. Strength, power, inconsistency is heard in it.
Teacher: Already in this work all that was allowed to say Beethoven was said: “Music must carve fire from the human soul.” Haydn, Mozart – these are the children of the 18th century – the century of Reason. No wonder Haydn said that music should not remind of grief, adversity, suffering, which is already enough in everyday life. Her duty is to bring people a good mood, make them cheerful and cheerful. But the Great French Bourgeois Revolution is taking place. Her ideas determined the spiritual life of the last decade of the 18th century and the first decade of the 19th century. In the 40th symphony, Mozart stopped before what was only beginning to manifest itself in the life of that time. He came close to the fact that Beethoven would be the main thing. He went to the fight. So what conclusion can be drawn?
Disciples: Every time gives birth to a hero.
Teacher: Yes, genuine art as a real mirror reflects all the events that take place and vividly captures in the images of the characters. What is the hero of Haydn and Mozart?
Disciples: Optimist, zest for life, internally free, ready to act.