The professionalism of an artist-vocalist includes a number of requirements, and one of the main such qualities is … the ability of an artist to maintain himself in good vocal form and, accordingly, be always ready to perform. In this regard, the health of the artist’s vocal apparatus, the singer’s observance of the voice mode, diet, and generally maintaining the active state of the body are extremely important. It was because of the non-compliance with the regime that even well-trained artists left the stage in the prime of their years. famous singers, succumbing to the temptations of social life, were forced to stop an active creative life because of the irresponsible attitude to their gift. Vivid examples of Giuseppe di Stefano and Maria Callas: it’s enough to recall the fate of these two artists, gifted with incredible talents and forced to drag out the rest of their life in the shadow of their former glory. Many colleagues and researchers of their biographies point to too many performances by artists, insufficient voice skills and the wrong repertoire, and this is also true, but still this was not the main reason that both had almost completed their active work at the age of 40 while their peers, who were careful about their gift, continued successful performances. Tebaldi, Bergonzi, Siepie, Domingo, Nucci, Giaurov, Freni, Clouds, and a number of other colleagues on the stage sang a dozen or two more safely (and Nucci now sings) at the best stages in the world. Is this not the best example?
So – VOICE HYGIENE. What is meant by this concept? – First of all, a set of measures, conditions that have a positive or at least not a destructive effect on the voice.
The basis of singing is good, healthy breathing. A novice vocalist must first turn his attention to the state and development of the respiratory system, as well as to the general condition of the body.
The development of the chest, and, as a result, the entire respiratory apparatus, directly affects breathing.
Of the many sports that have a positive effect on breathing, swimming, rowing, playing tennis, and cycling (not in the city, of course!) Are in the forefront. Those. such exercises, when the active and uniform work of all muscles is accompanied by the active work of the lungs, their ventilation.
If it is not possible to engage in such sports, then you need to do gymnastic exercises in well (certainly!) Ventilated areas. The game of volleyball, basketball, football in the summer, during the rest period is also very useful.
But before you begin to engage in any of these sports, you need to pay attention to the state of the upper respiratory tract, especially on the nasal cavity, pharynx, and the condition of the larynx: all these organs are closely interconnected and any deviation from the norm of one of these organs is reflected in neighboring . For example, diseases of the nasal cavity entail, in addition to difficulty breathing, inflammation of the pharynx, larynx and, if you do not allow the body to recover, then to the catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, up to tracheitis, which adversely affects the sound quality.
In terms of hygiene, the most important component is the state of the mouth: gums, teeth. With gums and teeth dysfunction, the mouth can serve as a hotbed of all kinds of diseases, including infectious ones.
At the slightest ailment of the vocal apparatus, singing should be stopped in any form and minimize communication (conversations). Even with a simple cold, a characteristic nasal overtone appears, the timbre changes, since the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses is inflamed, and any tension only contributes to the further growth of this swelling. If this simple method is not followed … inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx begins, and then, quite possibly, the bronchi.
Singing with bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchi) can cause very great harm, it can lead to larynx disease, which is extremely dangerous. There are known cases of voice loss in such cases. An example is the loss of votes or changes in their natural qualities of such famous artists as Yuri Gulyaev, Alexander Voroshilov, George London and so on …
In women, during the menstrual cycle, the voice weakens, quickly gets tired, naughty intonation. In this state, singing in the first three days must be stopped and a gentle mode of voice should be provided to the voice (including reduced communication).
In case of voice disorders due to fatigue … the main means is complete rest, i.e. absolute silence. Only in this case, with absolute silence and proper concomitant local treatment (physical procedures, compresses, rinses, etc.), a quick and complete restoration of the voice is possible.